大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

发布时间:2020-11-16 10:35:38 编辑: 匿名 来源:

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大清乾隆皇帝(1711-1799)知识广博,视野开阔、学富五车;他继位后,对于其祖父康熙、父亲雍正遗留下来的瓷胎画珐琅格外珍视,也非常喜爱,并依照前制继续在宫中烧造瓷胎画珐琅。根据当时的记载显示,乾隆年间每件瓷胎画珐琅在烧成之后都会配置硬木座及楠木匣之后贮藏于乾清宫珐琅库内,可见当时的重视程度。

乾隆年间瓷胎画珐琅造型多样,瓶、壶、罐类等等的数量大大超过康熙朝及雍正朝。就对于瓶类来讲就有“梅瓶、方瓶、蒜头瓶、双管瓶、双连瓶、纸槌瓶、葫芦瓶、贯耳瓶、胆式瓶、天球瓶、观音瓶、玉壶春瓶、等等各式各样,种类丰富,花样多彩‘’。此外还有茶壶、方盒、圆盒、花插等,碗、盘、碟、盅类的数量也非常可观多样。这些珐琅彩瓷器等陈设类的增多,一方面表明经过康熙、雍正两朝70多年的发展,到了乾隆这一朝,社会生活已很富足;另一方面也说明乾隆年间瓷胎画珐琅的工艺技术上与前两朝相比有了巨大幅度的提高,因为这一类珐琅彩瓷的成型、填彩、烧造难度都要高于碗类盘类等生活日用器。一般陈设类的珐琅彩瓷纹饰都是承袭了雍正后期的绘画风格,集诗、书、画、印为一体。

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

本品大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊,画面疏朗恬淡,简洁凝练,造型直口,直颈细长,双耳构型精美,整器纹饰布局,回纹、花卉纹、如意云头纹、等使得本件藏品繁而不乱,器身圈足外撇,外壁前后对称开光,以青白釉釉绘以边框,面部绘画柔美细腻,明暗有致,极具清宫乾隆宫廷绘画风格。底足用篆书青花书“大清乾隆年制”六字款。为官窑标准体,笔道硬朗,端庄周正,青花深沉,紧贴胎骨。

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

总体而言藏品吸纳宫廷技艺之后,彩料细腻柔和,气息婉约清新,优雅而尊贵,胎体坚致,釉色温润莹美,外壁敷设青白为地,色泽匀净浓妍,以各式彩料,斑斓绚丽,其中墨绿一色极为凝厚鲜亮,翠韵悠然,为后世所不及,釉上珐琅彩彩淡雅悦目,为乾隆早期彩瓷的重要色彩;在看画工:绘画技巧高超,借以彩料之浓淡的变化来表现花叶的阴阳向背,突出花卉的立体质感。布局繁密而有致,不减清疏之气,益见设计构图之佳妙。珐琅彩瓷起始于康熙末年,顶盛时为雍正期至乾隆期。无论是观赏角度和收藏角度来看,珐琅彩都是市场比较热门的一件收藏品,因为工艺的没落,导致珐琅彩瓷器在市面上存世量少之又少。近年来,随着人们的追捧,珐琅彩在市场的价格进行持续的高涨,珐琅彩都具有一定的收藏价值和投资价值!

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799) of the Qing Dynasty had a wide range of knowledge, wide vision and rich learning. After his succession, he cherished and loved the enamel of porcelain fetuses left by his grandfather Kangxi and his father Yongzheng. He continued to burn porcelain porcelain porcelain in the palace according to the previous system. According to the records at that time, every enamel painted with porcelain in Qianlong period will be equipped with hardwood seat and nanmu box after firing, and then stored in the enamel storehouse of Qianqing palace, which shows the degree of attention at that time.

The enamel of porcelain porcelain painting in Qianlong period was diverse, and the number of bottles, pots, cans and so on was much higher than that of Kangxi and Yongzheng dynasties. As for bottle, there are "plum bottle, square bottle, garlic bottle, double tube bottle, double connected bottle, paper mallet bottle, gourd bottle, through ear bottle, bile bottle, sky ball bottle, Guanyin bottle, Yuhu spring bottle, etc., which are rich in types and colorful in various patterns". In addition, there are teapots, square boxes, round boxes, flower inserts, etc., and the number of bowls, plates, dishes and cups is also very diverse. The increase of these porcelain furnishings shows that, after more than 70 years of development in Kangxi and Yongzheng dynasties, the social life has been very rich in Qianlong Dynasty; on the other hand, it also shows that the technology of enamel painting in Qianlong period has greatly improved compared with the previous two dynasties, because the forming, filling and burning difficulty of these kinds of enamel porcelain are higher than that of bowls Class disk and other daily necessities. The enamel porcelain decoration of general furnishing category is inherited from the painting style of the late Yongzheng period, which integrates poetry, books, paintings and printing.

This product is made of enamel, green and white glaze figures in Qianlong, Qing Dynasty. The picture is simple and smooth, with straight mouth, long neck and fine double ears. The whole decoration layout, pattern of flowers, Ruyi cloud head, etc. make the collection complex and undisturbed. The body is circumscribed, the outer wall is symmetrical and bright, and the painting is made with the green and white glaze. The facial painting is delicate and delicate, It is bright and dark, and has a very clear palace Qianlong palace painting style. The bottom foot is made of six characters of seal script Qinghua book "the year system of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty". It is the standard body of the official kiln, with a hard pen, a dignified and upright style, deep blue and white flowers, close to the fetal bone.

In general, after the collection absorbed the court skills, the color material was delicate and soft, the breath was graceful and fresh, elegant and noble, the carcass was firm, the glaze was warm and bright, the outer wall was laid with blue and white as the ground, the color was even and clear and strong. With various kinds of colors, the color was gorgeous. Among them, the color of the dark green was extremely thick and bright, and the jade was leisurely, which was not as good as the later generations. The enamel color was elegant and pleasing to the eyes. It was the color of the early Qianlong period The important color of porcelain; in the Picture Maker: the painting skill is superb, and the color material is used to show the Yin and Yang back of the flower leaves by the thick and thin changes of the color material, 

highlighting the three-dimensional texture of flowers. The layout is dense and has a good effect, without reducing the spirit of being clear and sparse. It is beneficial to see the design and composition. Enamel porcelain began in the last year of Kangxi, and the peak was from Yongzheng period to Qianlong period. From the view of view of view and collection, enamel is a popular collection in the market. Because of the decline of technology, enamel porcelain has a small number of people in the market. In recent years, with the pursuit of people, enamel in the market prices continue to rise, enamel has a certain collection value and investment value!

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

大清乾隆年制珐琅彩青白釉人物方圆尊

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